Omega Speedmaster Calibre 321

I’ve written about the Omega Speedmaster before so I won’t delve into the history but it’s nice to have a pre moon one on the bench with the original calibre 321 movement inside. This one dates from about 1967 according to the serial number and as such is know as the ‘pre moon’ because it pre dates the Apollo moon landings. This example came in for a spruce up, a service and to sort a couple of niggles.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

The caseback has been engraved at some point in the past and the Hippocampus logo is a little worn but this is to be addressed whilst it’s here.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

With the caseback removed the earlier pressed steel cover is still present as opposed to the soft iron of the later ones.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

Remove the cover and we can see the movement, which looks to be in pretty good condition considering it’s getting on for 50 years old.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

Once I’d uncased the movement  I could have a proper look at the dial and hands, not too shabby at all.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

With the dial and hands removed you can see some of the lever work and keyless work.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

I turned the movement over to make a start on the chronograph side.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

I firstly removed the balance and put it to one side then the centre and minute wheel bridge was taken off.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

The reset lever and centre wheel was next to go….

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

….then the coupling lever and wheel.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

I made sure the power was off then turned the movement over to remove the top barrel bridge, lever work and keyless work.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

With the balance top jewel removed this side was done. You can see the 12hr drive wheel with it’s clutch spring through the hole in the plate, this needed adjustment as the watch was suffering from chrono creep.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

Once I’d turned the movement back over the stripdown continued, here it’s ready for the train top plate to be removed.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

With it removed you can see evidence of over oiling which had got onto the ratchet wheel.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

When I stripped the barrel I saw a novel bodge on the mainspring. The resilient hooking had broken off the end of the spring so instead of replacing it the watchmaker had bent the end of the spring over and placed the broken hook in between it and the barrel wall recess! It must have worked but would have reduced the power reserve somewhat.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

With the barrel stripped the movement was now ready to go through the cleaning machine.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

Whilst the components were cleaning I tackled the case jobs, a new crown was the first thing to do.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

A new crystal and bezel was next to be fitted but in doing so I saw a fault I’d never come across before.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

I fitted the new crystal making sure the underside was spotless, once it was in place I went to clean the outside and found a piece of lint that needed dusting off.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

When I gave the top a clean and it didn’t budge I thought it must have got attracted to the bottom of the crystal, so I checked the underside once more. Nope it wasn’t there either, the piece of lint had actually been manufactured inside the acrylic of the crystal, no wonder I couldn’t clean it off! That meant this had to go back and a new one was ordered.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

As I couldn’t continue with the case I started the reassembly beginning with the new mainspring.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

That’s better!

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

The motion work was next….

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

….followed by the bridge….

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

….the movement was then turned over and the barrel bridge was refitted along with the keyless work to allow power to be put on the train ready for testing. It’s no good putting all the chrono work back on if there’s a problem with the train as it all has to come back off again to investigate!

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

The movement was turned back over and the balance and pallets installed then it was powered up and tested. The beat error was quite high so this was adjusted back down by rotating the hairspring collet, a bit of a fiddly job.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

With the movement now performing nicely the rebuild continued….

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

The penetration of the chrono seconds wheel finger into the intermediate minute wheel needed adjustment as another of the niggles was that the minute counter wasn’t counting up.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

It was then left running for a few hours with the chronograph disengaged to check the 12hr registers creep was sorted. It’s pointless putting the dial and handset back only to have to strip it all again if it needs further adjustment!

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

Whilst this was happening the replacement crystal was fitted….

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

….making sure the Omega symbol is positioned correctly.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

The chrono creep was a thing of the past so after testing the dial and hands were refitted, there’s not much clearance between the hand stack on these calibre 321s.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

The movement was recased ready for….

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

….the replacement caseback, all quite acceptable as all the old parts will remain with the watch.

P1050131aOmega Speedmaster calibre 321

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

The new bezel was then fitted, not a dot over 90 one but again the original will remain with the watch so no problem there.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

And that’s it, all done. I enjoyed working on this one immensely!

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

And a shot with all the original parts for good measure.

Omega Speedmaster calibre 321

 

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